Nuts & Bolts

Nuts & Bolts provide basic practical details of our featured Dig Deeper articles. These articles will allow you to still dig deeper in your biblical understanding without the Greek terms.

Patience with Faith, Hope, and Christ: Nuts & Bolts

Background
2 Thess continues Paul's discourse to the Thessalonians. Scholars have not determined the time span between the first and second letter. The structure of the second letter is similar to the first. Both letters contain an opening greeting, prayer-report, instruction on the Lord's coming, instruction for life in the church, and closing greeting. The similarities also indicate Paul's attempts to address issues within the church. The second letter reveals that specific issues from the first letter remained outstanding.

Atoning Sacrifice: Nuts & Bolts

Background
1 Thess 5:12 – 28 narrates Paul's closing requests for life in the church and final greetings to the Thessalonians. This portion of the letter has been referred to closing remarks between friends. Verses 25 – 28 demonstrate evidence of friendship, by indicating communal prayer, greeting with a holy kiss, and encouraging all to read the letter. In addition to the friendship elements, as previously noted, Paul instructs the Thessalonians on Christian living. He first identifies the appropriate attitudes toward leaders.

Hope in Death: Nuts & Bolts

Background
In 1 Thess 4:1-13 – 5:11, Paul provides instruction and encouragement about the second coming of Jesus. His instruction and encouragement result from Timothy's report of the Thessalonians. They asked about those who die before the Lord's coming. Paul answers this question very simply, by stating that those in Christ who died will be raised to join the living at Christ's coming. Paul's response would later generate much literature with eschatological speculation. This speculation resulted from Paul's response being too simple.

Sexual & Bodily Sanctification: Nuts & Bolts

Background
1 Thess 4:1 – 12 begins Paul's discourse in addressing the Christian behavior that the Thessalonians should exhibit. Prior to this discourse, Paul establishes his apostleship, by expounding upon his missionary behavior in the previous chapter. He argues that his visit with his companions was not in vain. They proclaim and live the gospel, which indicates behavior worth imitating by the Thessalonians. In chapter 4; however, Paul provides specific instruction to the Thessalonians on how they should walk before God.

Jesus' Divinity And Authority: Nuts & Bolts

Background
The Gospel of Mark authorship dates in the first century. Mark's gospel represents the first written gospel out of the four in the New Testament. Mark purposefully uses Peter's account to make the good news accessible to the Gentiles, to encourage those facing persecution, to defend the faith, and to explain the significance of the cross. In formulating the significance of the cross, Mark not only establishes Jesus' messiahship, but his divinity throughout his gospel.

Trustworthy Believers: Nuts & Bolts

Background
Acts 17:1-9 explicates Paul's and Silas' missionary journey to Thessalonica. This journey occurs in the macro-context of Paul's deliberate Gentile ministry, where he embarked on his second missionary journey. Prior to Paul's and Silas' arrival, Luke describes their hardships in Philippi, where they endured beatings and imprisonment. It is after their journey to Thessalonica, where Paul and Silas receive fertile ground for the gospel in Berea.

Faith Completes Its Work: Nuts & Bolts

Background
1 Thessalonians 2:17 – 3:13 reveals Paul's address to the Thessalonians. Prior to Paul's address, the city officials evicted Paul and Silas from Thessalonica, due to their proclamation of Jesus being the Messiah. Paul now narrates their desire to return to Thessalonica. However, due to hardships by Satan, they could not return. Despite these hardships, he addresses his continual concern for the church. In Thess 3:5, Paul identifies his fear that the tempter might tempt them beyond their faith.

The Gospel Has Power: Nuts & Bolts

Background
Paul wrote 1 Thessalonians (Thess) during his stay in Corinth. This location can be inferred from his mention of Athens in 3:1 - 2. According to Acts 18:11, Corinth is the city visited, where he resided for a lengthy period of time. In addition, Paul wrote the letter upon Timothy's return from Thessalonica. Paul sent Timothy to strengthen and encourage the church as their missionary work was abruptly disrupted when the Jewish officials evicted them from the city.

Defending the Gospel: Nuts & Bolts

Background
1 Thess 2:1 – 16 identifies Paul's and his companions' behavior in Thessalonica, prior to their eviction. In chapter 1, Paul primarily encourages the believers in Thessalonica as he placed emphasis on the power of the gospel in their lives. Despite his gratitude for their faith, Paul indicates the hardships they endured, while preaching the gospel. Paul describes their behavior in a manner of defending themselves against criticism outside the congregation.